Excerpt from Survey of Cripples in New York City: Under the Auspices of a Special Committee on Survey of Cripples
This survey was inaugurated by the representatives of 41 organizations, associations, and hospitals in Greater New York engaged in work for cripples, at a conference on April 4, 1919, which was the result of the efforts of the New York Committee on After Care of Infantile Paralysis Cases. The expenses were met by contributions from certain of these agencies and a liberal gift from the Rockefeller Foundation.
The responsibility for the after care of the survivors of the 1916 Infantile Paralysis epidemic in New York City has since that time been vested in the above named Committee, representing all the agencies interested in these children. This Committee had provided a system of follow-up, including necessary financing, transportation, home care, etc., which proved so beneficial in its results on the thousands of cases recorded that the committee early in 1919 resolved to learn whether all the city's needy cripples were being cared for, and if not, to what extent the need was unmet.
The Survey was made under the direction of Mr. Henry C. Wright, of the Hospital and Institutional Bureau of Consultation. The aim was to ascertain the number of persons crippled in New York by different causes, and the nature of care and treatment being given them, with the chief emphasis on the causes which produce cripples. Instead of surveying the entire city, which would have been a very large task, six typical districts, having an aggregate population of 110,000 people, were selected.
In these districts a house-to-house canvass was made. Where cripples were found whose cases had not been diagnosed at a recognized clinic or hospital, an orthopedic surgeon was sent to the home to make a full diagnosis. The statistics of causes and classifications thus obtained are reasonably accurate. In addition to the field canvass, the work of all organizations, hospitals, and institutions dealing with cripples was examined to determine its character and scope.
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